People, Places & Geography

Kenya

Kenya is a country rich in wildlife, culture, history, beauty and friendly, welcoming people. Kenya is geographically diverse, from snow-capped mountain peaks to extensive forests to wide-open plains.

Key geographical attractions include the Great Rift Valley, which features extinct volcanoes and hot springs, and Kenya’s coastline, complete with reefs and magnificent beaches.

Combine all this with a well-developed tourist infrastructure of hotels, lodges, campsites and a variety of activities, and its no wonder Kenya is a popular tourist destination attracting millions of visitors each year.

About Kenya’s Geography and Climate

map of kenyaKenya, an East African nation, spans more than 224,000 square miles (582,000 square kilomtres). Kenya is situated on the world’s Equator and is border to five countries: Uganda (to the west), Sudan (to the north west), Ethiopia (to the north), Somalia (to the north east), and Tanzania (to the south). Along its southeast edge, Kenya’s tropical coastline connects the country to the Indian Ocean.

Nairobi, the capital of Kenya, is located in the centre of the country. Other major cities include Mombasa (situated on the coastline), Nakuru and Eldoret (found in the west-central region), and Kisumu(located in the west on the shores of Lake Victoria).

Kenya is blessed with a wide range of topographical features – from the low plains found along the coast, bisected by the Great Rift Valley, to the fertile plateau in the west. The Great Rift Valley is home to a number of lakes, arid and rugged landscapes, and volcanic landforms with areas of active hot springs and geothermal activity.

The highland areas of Central Kenya provide fertile ground for farming. The north of Kenya, however, is largely desert land scattered with thorn bush. This contrasts greatly with the Kenyan coast, which features many beaches, coral reefs, creeks and coral islands.

Kenya enjoys a tropical climate. The coastal area is warm and humid, the central highlands are temperate, and it is both hot and dry in Kenya’s north and northeast regions. Rainfall in Kenya is seasonal with most rain falling between the months of April and June and shorter rainfalls occurring between October and December.

About Kenya People and Culture

Kenya has a population of more than 48 million people. There are 45 ethnic groups who call Kenya home; each group has its own unique language and culture.  Kikuyu is the largest ethnic group, El Molo are the smallest, while the Maasai are the most well known around the world..

Official languages used are English and Swahili although Asian, Somali and Arabic  are spoken too.

Most Kenyans and Christians followed closely by Muslims. Other religions include African cultural believers, Hinduism, Sikhism, Bahai and Atheism.

About Tourist Attractions in Kenya

Kenya has 24 National Parks, 15 National Reserves, 6 Marine Parks and several private conservancies. There are 2 Fresh water lakes. One of these is Lake Victoria, the largest fresh water lake in Africa. Kenya also has 6 alkaline lakes with Lake Turkana being the largest dessert lake in the world. Flamingos will be found in Lake Nakuru.

Africa’s second highest mountain (Mt. Kenya – 5,199 metres high) is in Kenya. Amongst other easier mountains to climb  are Mt. Longonot – 2,766 metres high and Aberdare range  that stretches 160 kilometres or 100 miles is 4,000 metres high. A beach overlooking the Indian Ocean provides the best coastal weather in any of the numerous tourist resorts. Two deserts  exist in the north of this country. One experiences high temperatures by day and a cool weather by night.

Museums and reserved sites are all over the country including ”The Cradle of Mankind” where the earliest human skull was discovered. and archaeological sites where . Business tourists can enjoy urban areas with tarmacked roads and sophisticated road and rail systems.

The Great Rift Valley possesses lakes, rivers, hot springs, valleys and unique terrain. Many Kenyan rivers and lakes contribute to water sports such as canoeing and bungee jumping. Parachuting, gliding and high temperature balloon tourist activities can be found in various parts of the country too.

About Kenya Agricultural Products

Kenya is the largest producer of black tea in the world. Other cash crops include coffee, tobacco, cotton, pyrethrum, flowers, macadamia nuts, cashew nuts and sisal. Its weather favours mangoes, apples, oranges, avocados, water melons and coconuts to grow.

Cattle, goats, dopers, sheep, camels, donkeys do well in Kenya Lakes, rivers and aquaponic farms aide in production of several types of fish including tilapia, nile perch, red snapper and other species of fish.

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